San Jose, November 30, 1836.

The Undersigned, General Minister of the Supreme Government of the State of Costarica in the Federation of Central America, has the honour to inform the Governor of the Province of Veraguas, in the Republic of New Granada, that he has laid before the Supreme Chief of the State his esteemed letter No. 495 of the 23rd September last, and in consequence has received instructions to reply to it with due attention.

The Federal Republic of Central America by Article V of its constitution, comprehends all the territories which formed the ancient Kingdom of Guatemala. Costarica, one of the States of which the Federation is composed, and the boundary State with the Republic of New Granada, in its fundamental charter, speaking of the extent of its territory, fixes for its limits on the Atlantic the mouth of the River San Juan and the Escudo of Veragua, which were its ancient recognized limits.

This being premised, Sir, and it being certain that the Bay of Boca del Toro and the islands situated within it lie between the mouth of the San Juan and the Escudo of Veragua, it likewise appears unquestionable that these belong to Central America, and that no aggression has been committed on this side in surveying those places, which, even were the point disputable, Article VIII of the existing Treaty between the two nations authorizes the proceeding.

This Government has not a full and perfect knowledge of the nature of the commission conferred by the Supreme National Government on Colonel Galindo, who is the individual that, without any hostile or suspicious views, has formed in London a colonization company, and in this view has sent an agent to Boca Toro, which incident is the cause of the remonstrance of your Excellency; but it has strong reasons for believing that the views of the Federal Executive in ordering this survey were not in the least intended to offend New Granada, with which it deems it an honour to be at peace and to preserve the utmost harmony, as it is proper such should exist between two nations which, on many accounts, are identical in their interests.

The consideration justly due to your Government, Sir, animates this reply, and has determined the chief of this State to instruct the Undersigned to make it. The affair does not belong to him, but to the Federal Executive Power, to whom the Constitution of this Republic commits exclusively the direction of its foreign relations; and for the same reason the first duty of the Government of this State is to lay before it your Excellency's letter, which shall immediately be done.

Until the two Republics agree and fix upon their boundaries, the Judicial Government of Costarica may state that that of Central America will give no room for any change prejudicial to the good understanding which has reigned, and ought to reign, between the two nations.

Such, Sir, are the sentiments which animate the Supreme Chief of Costarica; and in laying them before your Excellency, I have the satisfaction, &c.


To the Governor of the Province of Veragua.